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Incentives/Policies for Renewables & Efficiency

Printable Version
Refundable Payroll Tax Credit   

Last DSIRE Review: 10/08/2012
Program Overview:
State: Michigan
Incentive Type: Industry Recruitment/Support
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies: Solar Water Heat, Solar Space Heat, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Thermal Process Heat, Photovoltaics, Wind, Biomass, Fuel Cells, CHP/Cogeneration, Miniturbines, Stirling Engines, Hybrid Vehicles, Batteries, Storage, Thermoelectric Energy, Solar Pool Heating, Renewable Fuels, Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels, Microturbines
Applicable Sectors: Commercial, Industrial
Amount:Varies, credit is calculated by multiplying the payroll amount attributable to qualified employees by the income tax rate for that year
Maximum Incentive:None
Start Date:10/17/2002
Web Site:,4676,7-238-59553-265031--,00.html
Authority 1:
Date Enacted:
Date Effective:
MCL § 208.1429
Authority 2:
Date Enacted:
Date Effective:
MCL § 207.821 et seq.
10/17/2002 (amended 2006)

Note: Public Act 38 of 2011 repealed the Michigan Business Tax (MBT) and implemented the Corporate Income Tax (CIT). Public Act 39 was passed in conjunction with the CIT and allows for certain credits awarded under the MBT to be retained for the duration of the agreements. Businesses receiving certain credits, including Renaissance Zone credits, may choose to either continue to file under the MBT to continue claiming their credits, or file under the CIT. No additional Renaissance Zone credits will be awarded after 2011.

Businesses certified by the NextEnergy Authority that locate in the NextEnergy Zone to research, develop, or manufacture "alternative energy technologies," as defined by the Michigan Next Energy Authority Act, may claim a credit equal to their qualified payroll amount multiplied by their income tax rate for that year. In order for an employee's compensation to qualify for this treatment, the employee must work on alternative energy-related research, development or manufacturing and have a regular place of employment within the NextEnergy Zone. If the credit exceeds the tax liability of the business for the tax year, the portion of the credit exceeding the tax liability will be refunded. This credit initially took effect beginning in 2003 and was scheduled to expire at the end of 2007 with the repeal of MCL § 208.39e. In 2007 however, it was renewed as part of a larger reworking of state business taxing policy.

The NextEnergy Authority legislation was amended in 2006 by SB 583, which expanded the definitions relating to alternative energy technologies. Eligible alternative energy technologies include: fuel cells, PV, biomass, solar thermal heating and cooling, wind energy, CHP, microturbines, miniturbines, Stirling engines, electricity storage systems, and clean fuel energy systems powered by methane, natural gas, methanol, ethanol, or hydrogen. See MCL § 207.822 for a complete listing of eligible technologies.

NextEnergy is a comprehensive economic-development plan to position Michigan as a world leader in the research, development, commercialization and manufacture of alternative-energy technologies. NextEnergy was created to address the risks of continued dependence on foreign energy resources, to mitigate increasing environmental concerns, and to prepare for the possibility of technologies that may replace the internal combustion engine.

The Michigan Strategic Fund designated the NextEnergy Zone a Renaissance Zone in 2002. Businesses located within this zone may also be eligible for additional tax benefits. Contact the NextEnergy Center for more information. The NextEnergy Zone, located in Detroit at Wayne State University Research and Technology Park, is home of the 40,000-square-foot NextEnergy Center. The center includes laboratory facilities, business incubator space, collaborative meeting space and other facilities that will support Michigan’s alternative-energy industry.

Michigan Department of Treasury
Lansing, MI 48922
Phone: (517) 373-3200
Web Site:
NCSU - home
Disclaimer: The information presented on the DSIRE web site provides an unofficial overview of financial incentives and other policies. It does not constitute professional tax advice or other professional financial guidance, and it should not be used as the only source of information when making purchasing decisions, investment decisions or tax decisions, or when executing other binding agreements. Please refer to the individual contact provided below each summary to verify that a specific financial incentive or other policy applies to your project.

While the DSIRE staff strives to provide the best information possible, the DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. make no representations or warranties, either express or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability or suitability of the information. The DSIRE staff, the N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. disclaim all liability of any kind arising out of your use or misuse of the information contained or referenced on DSIRE Web pages.

Copyright 2014 - 2015 North Carolina State University, under NREL Subcontract No. XEU-0-99515-01. Permission granted only for personal or educational use, or for use by or on behalf of the U.S. government. North Carolina State University prohibits the unauthorized display, reproduction, sale, and/or distribution of all or portions of the content of the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) without prior, written consent.